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- Question : 1 - State whether or not classical thermodynamic reasoning alone can be used to
- Question : 2 - Which of the following quantities are extensive and which are intensive? (a) The magnetic moment of a gas. (b) The electric field E in a solid. (c) The length of a wire. (d) The surface tension of an oil film.
- Question : 3 - The density of water in cgs units is I g em-
- Question : 4 - Estimate the pressure you exert on the flonr when standing. Express the answer ln atmospheres and in Torr
- Question : 5 - One standard atmosphere is defined as the pressure produced by a column ofm ercury exactly 76 em high, at a temperature or o
- Question : 6 - Two conlainers of gas are connected by a long, thin, thermally insulated tube.
- Question : 7 - Container A is surrounded by an adiabatic boundary, but the temperature of container
- Question : 8 - 8 can be varied by bringing it into contact with a body Cat a different temperature. In Fig. 1-6, these systems are shown with a variety of boundaries. Which figure represents (a) an open system enclosed by an adiabatic boundary; (b) an open system enclosed by a diathermal boundary; (c) a closed system enclosed by a diathermal boundary; (d) a closed system enclosed by an adiabatic boundary.
- Question : 9 - A water-in-glass thermoscope is to be used to determine if two separated systems are
- Question : 10 - in thermal equilibrium. The density of water, shown in Fig. 1-7, is the thermometric
- Question : 11 - parameter. Suppose that when the thermoscope is inserted into each system, the water rises to the same height, corresponding to a densily of0.99994S g cm-ll. (a) Are the systems necessarily in thermal equilibrium? (b) Could the height or the water in the thermoscope change if the systems arc brought into thermal contact? (c) If there is a change in part (b), would the height increase or decrease?
- Question : 12 - Using the data of Table 1-1, find the empirical temperature of the normal subli- mation point or CO, as measured by the thermocouple, the platinum thermometer, the hydrogen thermometer at high pressure, and the hydrogen thermometer at low pressure.
- Question : 13 - The length or the mercury column in a certain mercury-in-glass thermometer is 5.00 em when the thermometer is in contact with water at Its triple point. Consider the length of the mercury column as the thermometric property X and Jet 0 be the empirical temperature determined by this thermometer. (a) Calculate the empirical temperature, measured when the length or the mercury column is 6.00 em. (b) Calculate the length or the mercury column at the steam point. (c) If X can be measured with a precision of 0.01 em, can this thermometer be used to distinguish between the icc point and the triple point?
- Question : 14 - A temperature t
- Question : 15 - t
- Question : 16 - where a and b arc constants, and Bis the empirical temperature determined by the mercury-
- Question : 17 - in-glass thermometer or the previous problem. (a) Find the numerical values or a and b,
- Question : 18 - irr
- Question : 19 - the length or the mercury column X
- Question : 20 - Suppose a numerical value or 100 is assigned to the steam point temperature, and that the
- Question : 21 - Suppose that a numerical value of exactly 492 is assigned to the icc point tempera-
- Question : 22 - ture, and that the ratio of two temperatures is defined as the limiting ratio, as P1 - ,0, of
- Question : 23 - the corresponding pressures of a gas kept at constant volume. Find (a) the best cxperi
- Question : 24 - The pressure of an ideal gas kept at constant volume is given by the equation
- Question : 25 - P =AT
- Question : 26 - where Tis the thermodynamic temperature and A is a constant. Let a temperature T 0
- Question : 27 - be defined by
- Question : 28 - T*
- Question : 29 - When one junction of a thermocouple iJ kept at the ice point, and the other junction
- Question : 30 - is at a Celsius temperature t, the emf 1 of the thermocouple is given by a quadratic function or t:
- Question : 31 - 1- . , +{Jt'.
- Question : 32 - If I is in millivolts, the numerical values of" and {J for a certain thermocouple are found to be
- Question : 33
- Question : 34 - (a) Compute the emf when t - -I00
- Question : 35 - t* ~ al +b.
- Question : 36 - Lett
- Question : 37 - of a and band sketch a graph of 1 versus t
- Question : 38 - The thermodynamic temperature of the normal boiling point of nitrogen is 71.35 K .
- Question : 39 - Calculate the corresponding value of (a) the Celsius, (b) the Rankine, and (c) the Fahren
- Question : 40 - The thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of nitrogen is 63.15 K. Using
- Question : 41 - the data of the preceding problem, what is the temperature difference between the boiling point and the triple point of nitrogen on (a) the Kelvin, (b) the Celsius, (c) the Rankine,
- Question : 42 - and (d) the Fahrenheit scales? Include the proper unit in each answer.
- Question : 43 - A mixture of hydrogen and oxygen is isolated and allowed to reach a state of
- Question : 44 - constant temperature and pressure. The mixture Is exploded with a spark of negligible
- Question : 45 - (a) Deseribe how a system containing two gases can be in mechanical but not in thermal or cbemical equilibrium. (b) Describe bow a system containing two gases can be
- Question : 46 - in thermal but not in mechanical or ehemical equilibriurrt. (c) Describe how a system con
- Question : 47 - On a graph of volume versus temperature draw and label lines indicating the
- Question : 48 - following processes, each prooceding from the same initial state T1, V0: (a) an isothermal
- Question : 49 - expansion; (b) an isothermal compression; (c) an isochoric increase in temperature.
- Question : 50 - Give an example of (a) a reversible isocboric process; (b) a quasistatic, adiabatic, isobaric process; (c) an irreversible isothermal process. Be careful to specify the system in
- Question : 51 - each ease.
- Question : 52 - Using the nomenclature similar to that in the previous problem, characterize the
- Question : 53 - following processes. (a) The temperature of a gas, enclosed in a cylinder provided with a frictionless piston, is slowly increased. The pressure remains constant. (b) A gas, enclosed
- Question : 54 - in a cylinder provided with a piston, is slowly expanded. The temperature remains constant.
- Question : 55 - There is a force of friction between the cylinder wall and the piston. (c) A gas enclosed in
- Question : 56 - a cylinder provided with a frictionless piston is quicldy compressed. (d) A piece of hot
- Question : 57 - metal is thrown into cold water. (Assume tha t the system is the metal which neither contracts nor expands.) (e) A pendulum with a frictionless support swings back and forth.
- Question : 58 - (f) A bullet is stopped in a target.
- Question : 59 - A gas is enclosed in a cylinder provided with a piston of area A, as in Fig. J-8(a).
- Question : 60 - The relation between the pressure and volume of the gas, at a constant temperature T,
- Question : 61 - is shown in Fig. 1-B(b). On a similar figure sketch graphs ofth e ratio oft he external foroe
- Question : 62 - Fto the area A , F/A, as a function of V, as the gas is (a) slowly compressed, and (b) slowly expanded at the temperature T. There is a foroe of sliding friction f between the piston
- Question : 63 - and the cylinder.

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