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- Question : 1E - Explain or interpret the following:
- Question : 2E - To what feature in Fig. 1.15 does the colloquial term horse latitudes refer? What is the origin of this term?
- Question : 3E - Prove that exactly half the area of the Earth lies equatorward of 30
- Question : 4E - How many days would it take a hot air balloon traveling eastward along 40
- Question : 5E - Prove that pressure expressed in cgs units of millibars (1 mb 103 bar) is numerically equal to pressure expressed in SI units of hPa (1 hPa 102 Pa).
- Question : 6E - How far below the surface of the water does a diver experience a pressure of 2 atmospheres (i.e., a doubling of the ambient atmospheric pressure) due to the weight of the overlying water.
- Question : 7E - In a sounding taken on a typical winter day at the South Pole the temperature at the ground is 80
- Question : 8E - Cabin altitude
- Question : 9E - Prove that density and pressure, which decrease more or less exponentially with height, decrease by a factor of 10 over a depth of 2.3 H, where H is the scale height.
- Question : 10E - Consider a perfectly elastic ball of mass m bouncing up and down on a horizontal surface under the action of a downward gravitational acceleration . Prove that in the time average over an integral number of bounces, the downward force exerted by the ball upon the surface is equal to the weight of the ball. [Hint: The downward force is equal to the downward momentum imparted to the surface with each bounce divided by the time interval between successive bounces.] Does this result suggest anything about the
- Question : 11E - Estimate the percentage of the mass of the atmosphere that resides in the stratosphere based on the following information.The mean pressure level of tropical tropopause is around 100 hPa and that of the extratropical tropopause is near 300 hPa.The break between the tropical and the extratropical tropopause occurs near 30
- Question : 12E - If the Earth
- Question : 13E - The mass of water vapor in the atmosphere (100 kg m2) is equivalent to a layer of liquid water how deep?
- Question : 14E - Assuming that the density of air decreases exponentially with height from a value of 1.25 kg m3 at sea level, calculate the scale height that is consistent with the observed global mean surface pressure of 103 hPa. [Hint: Write an expression analogous to (1.8) for density and integrate it from the Earth
- Question : 15E - The equatorward flow in the trade winds averaged around the circumference of the Earth at 15
- Question : 16E - During September, October, and November the mean surface pressure over the northern hemisphere increases at a rate of 1 hPa per month. Calculate the mass averaged northward velocity across the equator that is required to account for this pressure rise.
- Question : 17E - Based on the climatological-mean monthly temperature and rainfall data provided on the compact disk, select several stations that fit into the following climate regimes: (a) equatorial belt, wet year-round; (b) monsoon; (c) equatorial dry zone; (d) extratropical, with dry summers; and (e) extratropical, with wet summers. Locate each station with reference to the features in Figs. 1.18, 1.19, and 1.25.

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