2 Intelligent Agents
3 Solving Problems by Searching
5 Adversarial Search
6 Constraint Satisfaction Problems
7 Logical Agents
8 First-Order Logic
9 Inference in First-Order Logic
10 Classical Planning
11 Planning and Acting in the Real World
12 Knowledge Representation
13 Quantifying Uncertainty
14 Probabilistic Reasoning
16 Making Simple Decisions
17 Making Complex Decisions
19 Knowledge in Learning
21 Reinforcement Learning
22 Natural Language Processing
23 Natural Language for Communication
26 Philosophical Foundations
Question 1E - Define in your own words: (a) intelligence, (b) artificial intelligence, (c) agent, (d) rationality, (e) logical reasoning.
Question 2E - Every year the Loebner Prize is awarded to the program that comes closest to passing a version of the Turing Test. Research and report on the latest winner of the Loebner prize. What techniques does it use? How does it advance the state of the art in AI?
Question 3E - Are reflex actions (such as flinching from a hot stove) rational? Are they intelligent?
Question 4E - There are well-known classes of problems that are intractably difficult for computers, and other classes that are provably undecidable. Does this mean that AI is impossible?
Question 5E - The neural structure of the sea slug Aplysia has been widely studied (first by Nobel Laureate Eric Kandel) because it has only about 20,000 neurons, most of them large and easily manipulated. Assuming that the cycle time for an Aplysia neuron is roughly the same as for a human neuron, how does the computational power, in terms of memory updates per second, compare with the high-end computer described in Figure 1.3?
Question 6E - How could introspection
Question 7E - To what extent are the following computer systems instances of artificial intelligence:
Question 8E - Many of the computational models of cognitive activities that have been proposed involve quite complex mathematical operations, such as convolving an image with a Gaussian or finding a minimum of the entropy function. Most humans (and certainly all animals) never learn this kind of mathematics at all, almost no one learns it before college, and almost no one can compute the convolution of a function with a Gaussian in their head. What sense does it make to say that the
Question 9E - Some authors have claimed that perception and motor skills are the most important part of intelligence, and that
Question 10E - Is AI a science, or is it engineering? Or neither or both? Explain.
Question 11E -
Question 12E -
Question 13E -
Question 14E - Examine the AI literature to discover whether the following tasks can currently be solved by computers: a. Playing a decent game of table tennis (Ping-Pong). b. Driving in the center of Cairo, Egypt. c. Driving in Victorville, California. d. Buying a week
Question 15E - Various subfields of AI have held contests by defining a standard task and inviting researchers to do their best. Examples include the DARPA Grand Challenge for robotic cars, The International Planning Competition, the Robocup robotic soccer league, the TREC information retrieval event, and contests in machine translation, speech recognition. Investigate five of these contests, and describe the progress made over the years. To what degree have the contests advanced toe state of the art in AI? Do what degree do they hurt the field by drawing energy away from new ideas?