You are given the following model that describes the eco
Question and Solution
You are given the following model that describes the economy of Hypothetica. (1) Consumption function: C = 100 + .8Yd (2
80 % (143 Review)
You are given the following model that describes the economy of Hypothetica. (1) Consumption function: C = 100 + .8Yd (2) Planned investment: I = 38 (3) Government spending: G = 75 (4) Exports: EX = 25 (5) Imports: IM = .05 Yd (6) Disposable income: Yd Y - T (7) Taxes: T = 40 (8) Planned aggregate expenditure: AE C + I + G + EX - IM (9) Definition of equilibrium income: Y = AE a. What is equilibrium income in Hypothetica? What is the government deficit? What is the current account balance? b. If government spending is increased to G = 80, what happens to equilibrium income? Explain using the government spending multiplier. What happens to imports? c. Now suppose the amount of imports is limited to IM = 40 by a quota on imports. If government spending is again increased from 75 to 80, what happens to equilibrium income? Explain why the same increase in G has a bigger effect on income in the second case. What is it about the presence of imports that changes the value of the multiplier? d. If exports are fixed at EX = 25, what must income be to ensure a current account balance of zero? (Hint: Imports depend on income, so what must income be for imports to be equal to exports?) By how much must we cut government spending to balance the current account? (Hint: Use your answer to the first part of this question to determine how much of a decrease in income is needed. Then use the multiplier to calculate the decrease in G needed to reduce income by that amount.)
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